The Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) allows employers anywhere in Australia to nominate skilled people for permanent visas. There is only one subclass, subclass 186, which can be applied for when the visa applicant is in Australia or overseas. The ENS process has two steps. First, the employer must apply to the Department for approval of a nominated position. Second, the nominated employee must make a separate application for a visa.
There are three nomination streams available:
1. the Temporary Residence Transition (TRT) stream
2. the Direct Entry stream
3. the Labour Agreement (‘Agreement’) stream
Different nomination criteria apply, depending on whether the nominee will be applying under the TRT stream, or under the DE stream. TRT stream can be available to those who have held a 457 visa for 2 years in the past 3 years under the nominator. This visa stream is the most favourable one for the visa applicants. If you do not have work experience in Australia, you are required to meet the criteria of the Direct Entry stream in most cases. The applicants in the Direct Entry stream are required to be under the age of 50 and have IELTS 6.0 on each band at time of visa application.